Department of Toponymy
Head of departament:
Senior Researcher Ph. D. Vlad COJOCARU
The series Moldova of The Toponymic Thesaurus of Romania (a project that has been simultanuously designed, using various methods, by four Institutes of the Romanian Academy: the Bucharest Institute of Linguistics , the Cluj “ Sextil Puşcariu” Institute of Linguistics and Literary History , the Timişoara Instituteof Social Sciences and Humanities Research and the Iaşi “ Alexandru Philippide” Institute of Romanian Philology) is conceived to be completed in several volumes, each having several parts. The first volume, of which four parts have already been published, consists of preliminary or auxiliary works. The volume has a a scientific interest in itself, as it provides the theoretical and methodological principles for the entire series; thus, this volume sets the necessary theoretical framework, so the next volumes will focus only on the pure lexical analysis of the toponymic data.
The linguistic level of the Repertory (TTRM I 1-2) contains, in fact, the official geographical nomenclature presented diachronically, in all its variants (graphic, phonetic, lexical, morphological-syntactic). This part of the series will be used selectively in the next volumes, so all artificial distortions will be eliminated and an efficient system of quotations of the first volume will be used. The third and the fourth part offer useful information about the ancient toponymy of Moldova. The fourth part is preceded by an extensive study of historiacal geography (diachronic geography). The first volume will also include a section containing theoretical aspects (Introduction to the Research of Romanian Toponymy) having 2 sections: A. Principles of Research (with the chapters: I. Toponymic structures; II. Toponymic Systems; III. Concept of norm in toponymy) and B. Method of Research (with the chapters: I. Toponymic Inquiry. II. Toponymic Lexicography).
The following volumes, dedicated to the Toponymic Dictionary, are delimited according to the areas of toponymic inquiry, discriminated by hydrographic basins (the Suceava River, Moldova, Bistriţa, Trotuş, Putna, Bârlad, Prut Rivers and the Valley of the Siret River). The last volume will provide several indexes (lexical, etymological, suffixes and prefixes) which will enable a quick linguistic guide to the entire series. The Dictionary will include all categories of toponyms (rural and urbain, macro- and micronames, out of date and current names, Romanian and foreign names), regardless of their form (simple, circumlocutions, syntagmatic or compounds), thoroughly defined (based on the map on the scale of 1:25.000) and analysed phonetically, morphologically, syntactically and etymologically; consequently it will be a general toponymic dictionary as well as a structural dictionary. The correspondence between the toponymic fields and the homogeneous geographical map is studied from a diachronical perspective; this method is crucial for the reconstruction of the genesis process and the evolution of the place names.
The Department of Toponymy is also involved in the completion of the project of the Romanian Academy Micul dicţionar toponimic al Moldovei (România)(MDTM)[The Little toponymic dictionary of Moldova (Romania)]. The dictionary intends to offer, in a simplified lexicographic form, a selection of exemplary toponyms for the historical region of Moldova that designate the most important (social)geographic objects of their class: settlements, running and still waters, forms of relief, forest or fields etc. For all these toponyms essential linguistic information is provided, synchronic and diachronic: definition, popular forms, first documented mention, variants and etymology. The work will represent a convenient means of information, both for the specialists and for the non-specialist readers, concerning the origin and the evolution of the macro-toponymy of Moldova, in its general Romanian features, or in its specific aspects compared to the toponymy of the other historical provinces. The first volume containing Toponymy with anthroponymic base was completed in 2012; a second volume treating Toponymy with descriptive base has to be completed during 2013–2017 from the same structural and etymological perspective.
Beside the activity within the priority project, the researchers of this Department have initiated and/or collaborated to a series of projects with national or international funding, in the fields of: lexicology, lexicography, computerized lexicography, philology, history of the Romanian language, corpus linguistics.
Volumes in cooperation published, completed within the priority project Tezaurul toponimic al României. Moldova (Toponymic Thesaurus of Romania. Moldova):
Tezaurul toponimic al României. Moldova (TTRM) . Volume I . Historical Repertory of the administrative-teritorial units. 1772–1988 . Part I. A. Simple Units (Localities and estates) A – O, Bucureşti, Editura Academiei Române, 1991 (Coordinator of the series Moldova of Tezaurul toponimic al României: Dragoş Moldovanu; Editors of section A: Research team of the Institute: Mircea Ciubotaru, Vlad Cojocaru, Ion A. Florea, Gabriel Istrate, Dragoş Moldovanu, Ion Nuţă and external collaborators; Identifications, locations: Vlad Cojocaru, Dragoş Moldovanu; Lexicographic schemes, inclusions, correlations, general revision of section A: Dragoş Moldovanu; Authors of section B: Mircea Ciubotaru, Vlad Cojocaru, Gabriel Istrate) , 827 p. + XCVI
Tezaurul toponimic al României. Moldova (TTRM) . Volume I . Historical Repertory of the administrative-teritorial units. 1772-1988. Second Part. A. Simple Units (Localities and estates) P – 30 Decembrie. B. Complex Units, Bucureşti, Editura Academiei Române,1992 (Coordinator of the series Moldova of Tezaurul toponimic al României: Dragoş Moldovanu; Authors of section A: Research team of the Institute: Mircea Ciubotaru, Vlad Cojocaru, Ion A. Florea, Gabriel Istrate, Dragoş Moldovanu, Ion Nuţă and external collaborators; Identifications, localizations: Vlad Cojocaru, Dragoş Moldovanu; Lexicographic schemes, inclusions, correlations, general revision of section A: Dragoş Moldovanu; Authors of section B: Mircea Ciubotaru,Vlad Cojocaru, Gabriel Istrate), 876 p. + 6 pl.
Mircea Ciubotaru, Vlad Cojocaru, Gabriel Istrati, Tezaurul toponimic al României.Moldova. Volume I, Third Part: Toponymy of Moldova in documents written in foreign languages (except for Slavonic). 1332–1850, Iaşi, Editura Universităţii “Al. I. Cuza”, 2004, 244 p. + XL.
Dragoş Moldovanu, Tezaurul toponimic al României. Moldova. Volume I, Fourth Part: Toponymy of Moldova in the ancient European cartography (cca 1395–1789), Iaşi, Editura Universităţii „Al.I. Cuza”, 2005, 313 p. + CLXIX.
Grants awarded to the members of the Department of Toponymy:
The Theory of toponymic fields (illustrated by the field of the hydronym Moldova) , project funded by CNCSIS (code PN II IDEI nr. 278/ 2007–2010). Project manager: Dragoş Moldovanu. Members of the research team: Vlad Cojocaru , Daniela Butnaru, Dinu Moscal, Ana-Maria Prisacaru.
Dinu Moscal , The Theory of the lexical fields. Illustrated by the common terminology of the forms of positive relief, grant CNCSIS – TD, nr. 23/2008, 2008-2009.
Contributions of the members of the Department to national grants and projects
Romanian Ethnonymy. Historical Dictionary of the names of countries and peoples in the Romanian language, project funded by CNCSIS, 2005–2007, Faculty of Letters, “ Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi. Project manager: Eugen Munteanu. Research team member: Daniela Butnaru.
Dictionary of Romanian-French, French-Romanian Religious Terms, project funded by CNCSIS, 2007–2010, Faculty of Letters, “ Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi. Project manager: Felicia Dumas. Research team member: Daniela Butnaru.
Contributions to international grants and projects
Rumänisch-deutsches Wörterbuch by Heimann Tiktin. International interuniversities project, Freiburg–Iaşi, 1979–1987. Coordinators: Paul Miron, V. Arvinte. Collaborator: Vlad Cojocaru.